F2blog XMLRPC 上传任意文件漏洞

    [雨 May 27, 2008 14:40 | by ]
By:Maple-x[B.C.T]
Site:http://www.neeao.com
Date:2008-5-27
刚从官方下载的最新版:F2blog-v1.2_build_03.01_full。
存在漏洞文件:xmlrpc.php
function metaWeblog_newMediaObject ($values) { //2007-02-01 add support for uploading files
  global $settingInfo,$DMC, $DBPrefix,$defualtcategoryid;
//此处本是判断用户是否登录的,但是下面没有做检查,仅仅在这里返回了用户是否登录的一个值。
  $userdetail = check_user_pw ($values['username'], $values['password']);

  $struct=$values['struct'];
  //writetofile ('text1.php', $struct['bits']); //debug only
  if ($struct['bits'] && $struct['name']) {
    $writefilecontent=base64_decode($struct['bits']);
    if (file_exists("attachments/{$struct['name']}")) @unlink("attachments/{$struct['name']}");
    
    $filenum=@fopen("attachments/{$struct['name']}","wb");
    if (!$filenum) {
      xml_error ("Sorry, uploading file ({$struct['name']}) failed.");
    }
    flock($filenum,LOCK_EX);
    fwrite($filenum,$writefilecontent);
//并没有判断文件是否安全,直接写入。
    fclose($filenum);
  }
  $xml_content=make_xml_piece ("struct", array('url'=>"{$settingInfo['blogurl']}/attachments/{$struct['name']}"));
  $body_xml=xml_generate($xml_content);
  send_response ($body_xml);
}

本来说到这里都够明白了,下面就再把利用方法写下吧:
定义的方法数组:
$methodFamily=array('blogger.newPost', 'blogger.editPost', 'blogger.getUsersBlogs', 'blogger.getUserInfo', 'blogger.deletePost',   'blogger.getTemplate',   'blogger.setTemplate',   'metaWeblog.newPost', 'metaWeblog.editPost', 'metaWeblog.getPost', 'metaWeblog.newMediaObject', 'metaWeblog.getCategories', 'metaWeblog.getRecentPosts');

方法调用:
$methodName=parse_get($rawdata, 'methodName', true);
if (!@in_array($methodName, $methodFamily)) xml_error ("Method ({$methodName}) is not availble.");
$values=parse_get($rawdata, 'value');

$values=parse_walk_array($values, $methodName);
//print_r($values); //For debug only
//exit();
//Get default category, for those editors which don't support Categories
$sql="select * from ".$DBPrefix."categories limit 0,1";
$arr_category=$DMC->fetchArray($DMC->query($sql));
$defualtcategoryid=$arr_category[id];

$methodName=str_replace('.', '_', $methodName);
call_user_func ($methodName, $values);

$rawdata的来源:
$rawdata=get_http_raw_post_data();
//writetofile ("text4.xml", $rawdata); //For debug use
//$rawdata=file_get_contents("text4.xml"); //For debug use

if (!$rawdata) die ("Sorry, don't visit this web!");

$stringType_o="i4|int|boolean|struct|string|double|base64|dateTime\.iso8601";
$stringType="(".$stringType_o.")";

$rawdata=str_replace("\r", '', $rawdata);
$rawdata=str_replace("\n", '', $rawdata);
$rawdata=str_replace("\t", '', $rawdata);
$rawdata=str_replace("<![CDATA[", '', $rawdata);
$rawdata=str_replace("]]>", '', $rawdata); //Stupid CDATA, I don't want it
$rawdata=preg_replace("/<([^>]+?) \/>/is", '<\\1></\\1>', $rawdata); //Self-closed tags
//$rawdata=convert_utf8($rawdata);

$rawdata=preg_replace_callback("/<struct>(.+?)<\/struct>/is", 'filter_struct', $rawdata); //Struct can be a trouble, use this to avoid values and names being parsed

get_http_raw_post_data()方法:
function get_http_raw_post_data () { //Get http_raw_post_data
  global $HTTP_RAW_POST_DATA;
  if (isset($HTTP_RAW_POST_DATA)) { //Good, the server supports $HTTP_RAW_POST_DATA, then return it directly
    return trim($HTTP_RAW_POST_DATA);
  }
  elseif (PHP_OS>="4.3.0") { //PHP 4.3.0 and higher version supports another way to get it
    return readfromfile( 'php://input' );
  }
  else return false; //Sorry, no way out, or $raw data is not set at all
}

漏洞修补,简单点的,判断下用户是否有上传附件的权限。其他的自己发挥吧。
既然费了这么多话,那就顺便附上一个安全点的方法吧:
function metaWeblog_newMediaObject ($values) { //2008-05-27 edit by Neeao
  global $settingInfo,$DMC, $DBPrefix,$defualtcategoryid;
  $userdetail = check_user_pw ($values['username'], $values['password']);

  $records=$DMC->fetchArray($DMC->query("SELECT * FROM `{$DBPrefix}logs` WHERE `id`='{$values['postid']}'"));
  if ($records['id']=='') xml_error ("Entry does not exist.");
  else {
    $struct=$values['struct'];
    //writetofile ('text1.php', $struct['bits']); //debug only
    if ($struct['bits'] && $struct['name']) {
      $writefilecontent=base64_decode($struct['bits']);
      if (file_exists("attachments/{$struct['name']}")) @unlink("attachments/{$struct['name']}");
    
      $filenum=@fopen("attachments/{$struct['name']}","wb");
      if (!$filenum) {
        xml_error ("Sorry, uploading file ({$struct['name']}) failed.");
      }
      flock($filenum,LOCK_EX);
      fwrite($filenum,$writefilecontent);
      fclose($filenum);
    }
    $xml_content=make_xml_piece ("struct", array('url'=>"{$settingInfo['blogurl']}/attachments/{$struct['name']}"));
    $body_xml=xml_generate($xml_content);
    send_response ($body_xml);
  }
}
没有加文件格式的判断,有点麻烦了,懒得写了。
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